The Origin of Halloween 万圣节来历
Halloween roots lie in the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain which was celebrated in what is now Great Britain on a full moon around November 1st. Later the Roman Catholic Church named this day as All Saints Day, formerly known as All Hallowmas. All Saints Day is known in England as All Hallows' Day. The evening before All Saints' Day is All Hallows' Eve, the origin of the American word Halloween.
万圣节起源于古代凯尔特人的萨温节（Samhain），生活在英伦列岛的赛尔特人把11月1日左近的一个月圆日定为节日。后来罗马天主教会把这一天命名为万圣节，在英国被称为All Hallows Day（万圣节）。那么万圣“Hallow”加上前夜“een”就成为了Halloween这个美式表达。所以严格的说Halloween指的是万圣节前夜。
In Britain Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. However, it is not a public holiday. If the 31st of October falls on a weekday people go to work as normal. The typical colours of Halloween are orange and black, seen on items such as black vampires and pumpkin lanterns.
Some popular Halloween activities in Britain 英国一些受欢迎的万圣节活动
Pumpkin lanterns 南瓜灯
Pumpkins are on salein shops and supermarkets from as early as the beginning of October. By the last week of October you can see pumpkin lanterns everywhere in shop windows and in people's houses. Although British people used to use potatoes and turnips, now they use pumpkins to make Jack-o-lanterns unique to the Halloween season. The name“Jack-o-lantern"comes from an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack who, because of his bad nature, was doomed to roam the earth without a resting place and with only his lit lantern to light the way in the darkness.
Trick or treating 不给糖果就捣乱
Children love this game! They dress up and then knock on the doors of people's houses in their neighbourhood asking for a ‘trick or treat’. The neighbour gives them chocolates, sweets or money as a ‘treat’. If there is no treat, the children play a trick on the neighbour, for example, they might throw soap at the window. It only happens once a year so even the stingiest adultsmightgive something to the kids as a treat!
Across the UK, people throw parties to celebrate Halloween. The biggest Halloween party has to be in Sheffield at the end of October. A lot of people go there to experience Fright Night. Can you image a party with about 40,000 people? There are activities for people of all ages: fancy dress catwalk, urban dance, a monster in a fountain and a zombie garden, as well as the traditional apple bobbing and a competition for the best pumpkin lantern.
Apple bobbing 咬苹果
This is a fun and competitive game which is very traditional. What you do is to place lots of apples in a large tub or a bowl of water - not too cold or too hot. This is because the participants or competitors have to take a bite from one of the apples without using their hands. Sometimes the participants are blindfolded, just to make it even more challenging and fun.